Our evolved brains have the property of reasonably devising ideas, So we create a city and artificially develop ourselves around us. At that time, the naturality (circadian rhythm and 1 / f) is eliminated. . This is different from the programmed direction of genes. Here is the reason why modern people appeal many disorders physically and mentally.
The interior environment cut from nature is architecture. Therefore, it is inevitable to artificulate the interior. Therefore, a person created art to erase unpleasant artifacts. Excellent art has common 1 / f fluctuation. I know that there are many 1 / f fluctuations in Mozart's music and Toru Takemitsu's music too. If an object with 1 / f fluctuation occupies space, it can naturalize (1 / f) the place. Originally, there are two ways to bring artificial objects closer to nature and coexist. One is to cut out nature itself and add it like a flower arrangement, or bring out excellent art to the place.
To naturalize the inside of the building, you can create 1 / f fluctuation with excellent art and outstanding skills. So what is the difference between natural plants and art? It can be explained by the magnitude of the value of f. The fact that the value of f is large means that the energy is large. The work produced by a great artist has 1 / f fluctuation and its energy is great.
Originally people are programmed to live in harmony with nature, so our modern technology must also be applied in a direction to make symbiosis of nature . Nature's energy is so powerful that people can not continue symbiotic relationship unless we use great power. The energy that is used for this is the work that human beings should originally do. The present labor is based on petroleum resources expanding disorderly out of circadian rhythm. If artificiality advances continue in this direction, it will self-disassociate from gene programs.
When considering a forest symbiotic housing, if you live in a forest of a tropical rainforest which is an environment adapted to human genes, it will be the best form of forest symbiosis by itself. However, we can not do it because we live in the city. So we must create forest environmental information in urban dwelling. The environmental information of the forest to be created indoors is light, which is sound, scent and skin sensation.
① Basically the fragrance is what the material produces. So we need wood from naturally arid region that keeps life function.
② Skin sensation is a thermal environment adjusted so as not to disturb the synchronization of environmental rhythm and internal rhythm.
③ The rhythm of natural light is no longer left in the sky in the city. Even in small spaces, you must assure the green of the trees in the garden and distribute that light to the interior to introduce the green light as an indispensable light. The introduction of morning blue light is also important.
④ As for the sound environment, problems are only considered to prevent sounds in urban areas. But be sure to remember that the rich and often noisy sound of the rainforest is a magical sound that calms the person and leads to deep sleep.
Urban-type forest symbiotic housing －applying EBM of green power－
Do you know the word EBM? It means "Evidence Based Medicine " in English. For example, even in a mood or sensation with individual differences, credibility is increased if medical backgrounds are given to it. Everyone understand that something naturally-derived makes us feel good. But we can be more confident as medical evidence adds to it. In the near future, forest medicine attracts the attention of many people using this EBM.
Forest bathing or forest therapy ® is attracting attention not only in Japan but also globally. This word is still new and it was named by Akiyama Tomohide of the Director General of the Forestry Agency in 1982. In English it translates into forest bathing, but even in foreign countries it is often called shinin-yoku. For European and American people, the fact that there is the power to make people healthy in the forest seems to be considerably interesting.
Human beings are said to have been born in a rainforest in central Africa, but then evolved nearly 7 million years in the forest. Our modern people have made artificial society like this for at most 200 years since the Industrial Revolution. Therefore, human genes still have elements adapting to the forest environment (natural environment). On the other hand, modern people live in an urban environment that is far from the forest environment. That is why we are always under stress. Tend to focus only on social stress, but stress from the environment that is always exposed is the worst. These stresses are linked to many modern diseases.
From the stressful contemporary artificial environment, just by moving to the forest environment where the original gene is adapted, the human body is released from stress, the immune power rises and the autonomic nervous system It is known that blood pressure etc will also be normalized. About such physiological data and EBM, Japanese researchers belonging to the International Society of INFOM (International society of Nature and Forest Medicine) has been spread all over the world. In the future, if EBM is added that senile disorders such as dementia and mental disorders such as depression and even anti-aging are effective, forest medicine will be effective for prevention of diseases and health maintenance of modern people, Which will lead to a reduction in the number of national health expenses.
The first theme in my architectural design is to copy the forest environment and then incorporate these factors into inside the building. If the environment best suited to human genes is forests, I think that it is the cutting-edge science of architectural planning to analyze the composition of light, sound, smell components, tactile fluctuations, and the composition of tactile fluctuations. EBM of forest medicine gives humans a good opportunity to reconsider the meaning of the internal and external environments, although architecture is an artifact, it is a fate to conflict with nature. Forest medicine gives us a good oppotunity to rethink the meaning of the environment for human.Is it right to put yourself in architecture in the first place.We need to doubt it.
Toshiya Ochiai / Architect
First class architect／Representative Director:Forest Baubiology Studio Inc. INFOM(International society of Nature and Forest Medicine) Director, General Manager ／Kogure- Club Director etc.
Born in Tokyo in 1959 Graduated from Department of Architecture, Waseda University Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Waseda University Completed the course of construction engineering He studied under Tomoo Sugisaka and has been involved in wooden building design for many years. After developing the urban environment symbiosis housing, it is now necessary to copy the power of the forest environment into the building. "Symbiosis Forest Residence" is proposed as a theme.
Winner: Sustainable Housing Prize Best Prize, Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport Award Ministry of Construction and Environment Energy housing prize etc. Work: Japanese House New Standard (New House Publishing) Recommendation of urban environmental symbiosis housing (environmental symbiosis housing newspaper company) Sugisaka Construction Office 60 years (Building thinking research company) Architectural magazine "Residential Building" Forest, Human and Architecture (in series)
The forest environment draws out the original sensibility of human beings
Ochiai: I am hosting an event called "ESD and HL for Children". The word ESD is known worldwide. It is an abbreviation for “Education for sustainable development”.But I do not understand well if translated into Japanese. That's why ESD is not so established in Japan. However, it is necessary moral education for the future era. Expanded capitalism spreads more and more in the market. As we move forward with development, it has become an era when it immediately affects the global environment. It is bad if there is no point of view to develop sustainably and permanently. Even we adults lack such an idea, so we need such education. However, children are the most suitable candidates for such education.
Ochiai: Take the child into the forest environment and try to touch the forest first. And notice the fun and greatness of nature. Then, study or make them realize how such grace of the forest leads to industry. Let them think about how people's activities affect the environment.To make woodworking experiences and actually touch forest components tie themselves to nature and make various experiences in total. We are doing such child education events ten times a year at forest therapy base throughout Japan. Its target is children and parents(or relatives). This must be a pair. When I go out with them and see the situation, at first, the child is not like a child, there is no childishness of our time. At the beginning they are doing not a good attitude. Even if you say "Let's do gymnastics", it seems to be troublesome. They do not care about adults first, nor do they listen to what their parents say. On the other hand, parents are careful about their children. There are many such parents and children. However, if you experience ESD event with that therapy experience, the relationship between adults and children will change first. That was one surprise. Respect for adults is born. In short it is released when they are in nature. Contemporary society also seems to have a great stress on children. When it goes into the forest it will probably be released. The original self comes out. Then they will rely on their parents or adults are great, that kind of honest feelings come out. Such changes will appear in just about two hours and will be back in a good parentage relationship. I was surprised at such natural power.
Ochiai: That's what the power of the forest we are saying in the end. Now, by eliminating the stress that we and children have, we can solve almost every problem including modern illness. Stress is leading to most modern illnesses. So now modern diseases, lifestyle diseases, diseases of the mind are prevailing. Through the event I realized that releasing stress will save us considerably. The power of the forest is truly amazing.
Ochiai: The word called “forest bathing” itself was quite new and it was in 1982. It is about 30 years ago. Until then,of course we had the impression that the forest is pleasant place. However, it made it easy to imagine it very much. At the same time it was decided to try to verify it medically from Japan. That is why the International society of Nature and Forest Medicine (INFOM) was completed. Various things have been learned through medical experiments, such as having a medical effect, getting immune power just by going to the forest, lowering blood pressure or getting stressed out.
Get the forest environment into the housing Ochiai: If the forest is the best environment for people, it is better to live in the forest itself. But it is actually difficult to do so. People are a kind of animals that urbanize the environment. So all we can do is to copy the elements of the forest under an artificial environment. Such a element to bring into a house is light, sound, smell and skin environment. Basically the material creates smell. Skin sensation is a stable thermal environment that matches biological rhythm of human.
Human Scale Ochiai: If you use the current building technology, you can do any big scale building. However, we must also carefully consider the moderate sense of distance or scale that human beings originally possess. I think that dwellings and children's educational places should cherish such ideas in particuler. It is only a material called natural tree that never deviates its sense of distance or scale. It is possible to make huge structures if you use artificial material like laminated wood.But you can not at all make a structures like giant dome just with natural trees. We can only make things that just fit the scales of human beings with live nature wood. So you must build a house within that range. Therefore, the idea that humans should not live in places higher than the height of the forest comes up. The building scale should be within the forest scale.
Earthquality possessed by residence Ochiai: The dwelling that human first made was a so-called pit-type dwelling.They dug a little hole on the ground, then put it on the roof and lived there. There were also houses with a high floor, but they were not places to live.They were only used as like a grain storehouse. Why did they choose the ground without making houses on safe trees? Perhaps it is human instinct. I think that there is instinct as a feeling of seeking peace of mind to touch Mother Earth.